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From budding startups to multinational enterprises, dealing with the data deluge has always been a struggle. Data loss and breach will have a severe impact on the business and can spoil the reputation. Data leak prevention is considered the most important factor with 88 percent of critical challenges. On the other hand, data segregation and protection has 92 percent impact on security challenges. Cloud computing is the next generation Internet-based computing system where data is stored and accessed in a remote server through services provided by the cloud providers such as Amazon, IBM, Google, Microsoft, etc.
Security breach is a major concern when data is processed in a remote location since groups of users are provided access to the data. Therefore, data transmission must be done with utmost care, and security challenges must be addressed before implying cloud computing in an organization as unsafe data transmission may lead to data breaches. Organizations are finding various methods to ensure the security of their data in the cloud computing. According to Gartner, cloud computing possesses unique attributes which require risk assessment in data integrity, recovery, and privacy. Additionally, legal issues must be evaluated in areas such as e-discovery, regulatory compliance and auditing.
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As multiple organizations share the resources in cloud computing, the threat of data misuse increases. To circumvent the risk, data involving storage, transit and the data repositories must be secured. Confidentiality and integrity are the two major areas that need to be examined. Providing authentication, access control and authorization of data stored in the cloud will enhance the cloud computing security.